Amazing Facts...    ANISHA GOEL

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General Facts    Earth Facts    Animals and Birds    Plants    Scientific Facts    Astronomy    

 


   General Facts

 

  Facts about the Earth

  • Inside the earth it gets 3 degrees hotter every 100m further down.

  • The largest lake in the world i.e. the Caspian sea measures about 980 km from North to South and 215 to 440 km in breadth, with an area of 371,800 sq.km.

  • The deepest point in the crust is the Mariana's Trench in the Pacific ocean which is 11km below sea level.

  • One of the driest places on earth, Africa, Chile in South America gets an average rainfall of only about 0.5 mm.

  • The most destructive earthquake occurred in September, 1923 in Japan. 143,000 people lost their lives and the cost of the damage was estimated at 1 billion pounds i.e. $30 billion or Rs.120,000 crores.

  • Switzerland is one of the only countries to have no mineral deposit in it.

  • The largest known uncut emerald is 5 cm long and 5 cm in diameter.

  • Making a simple vase out of the precious stone- Jade, may take more than two years of work.

  • The amount of gold in all the oceans together is estimated to be as much as 10 thousand million tonnes.

  • Less than 1 gram of gold can be beaten into a sheet of nearly 2 sq.mt.

  • The largest hailstone ever, was found in Kansas, USA. It was the size of a melon, 19cm wide and weight 758gms.

  • The Great Barrier Reef off the coast of Australia is 2000km long and covers an area of 250,000sq-km. It has been constructed by stony corals over a period of 600 million years and supports more life than any other habitat on earth.

  Animals and Birds

  Plants

  • Tiny plants called plankton live in the sea and make nearly three quarters of the earth's oxygen. The biggest is about 1mm across and the smallest is about 50 times smaller.

  • The tallest tree is the giant redwood called the Founder's tree, growing in the Humboldt National Forest, California, and is over 110mts high.

  • Some of the Sequoia trees in the USA are more than 4000 years old!

  • The kelp seaweeds along the Atlantic coast grow as long 6 mts, and the giant kelp of the pacific coast is even longer.

  Scientific Facts

  Astronomy

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